The weather

Finnish English
Ilma on kaunis. The weather is beautiful.
On kaunis ilma. The weather is beautiful.
Päivä on pilvinen. The day is cloudy.
On pilvinen päivä. It's a cloudy day.
On pilvistä. It's cloudy
Sataa. It rains.
Sataa vettä. It rains.
Sataa lunta. It snows.
Sataa räntää. It rains wet snow.
Sataa rakeita. It hails.
Ei sada. It doesn't rain.
Eilen satoi. Yesterday it rained.
On melko kylmä. It's fairly cold.
On oikein kuuma. It's really hot.
Tuulee. It's windy.
Tuulee oikein kovasti. It's very windy.
On myrsky. There's a storm (wind).
On ukonilma. There's a thunderstorm.
Salamoi. There's lightning ("It lightens").
   
Questions Kysymykset
Onko kaunis ilma tänään? Is the weather beautiful today?
Millainen ilma tänään on? What's the weather like today?
Paistaako aurinko? Does the sun shine?
Sataako? Does it rain?
Sataako lunta? Does it snow?
Onko ulkona kylmä? Is it cold outside?
Onko ulkona kuuma? Is it hot outside?
Tuuleeko? Is there wind?
Kuinka kylmä on? How cold is it?
Onko pakkasta? Is it freezing?
Kuinka monta astetta on? How many degrees is it?
On miinus kaksi astetta. It's minus two degrees.
On kaksi astetta pakkasta. It's minus two degrees.
On kaksi astetta. It's two degrees.


In the following table, you can find different ways of saying the same thing.

Nominative English Partitive English
On pilvinen päivä. It's a cloudy day. On pilvistä. It's cloudy.
On sateinen päivä. It's a rainy day. On sateista. It's rainy.
On tuulinen päivä. It's a windy day. On tuulista. It's windy.
On aurinkoinen päivä. It's a sunny day. On aurinkoista. It's sunny.
On sumuinen päivä. It's a misty day. On sumuista. It's misty.
On ukkonen päivä. It's a thundery day. On ukkosta. It's thundery.