The Comitative Case – Komitatiivi

Table of Contents
  1. The Use of the Comitative Case
    1. In general
    2. In certain fossilized phrases
  2. The Formation of the Comitative Case

1. The Use of the Comitative Case (-ne)

The comitative is rare and not used in spoken Finnish. It expresses the presence of something. It often corresponds with “in company of” or “together with”.

1.1. In general

Finnish English.
Seurasin tyttöä koirineen. I followed the girl and her dog(s).
Mies muutti Helsinkiin [pienine perheineen]. The man moved to Helsinki with his small family.
Tohtori Virtanen tuli juhliin puolisoineen. Doctor Virtanen came to the party with his partner.
Antti saapui [kauniine vaimoineen]. Antti arrived with his beautiful wife.
Älä tahri seiniä [likaisine sorminesi]! Don’t stain the walls with your dirty fingers!

The really interesting thing about the comitative is that it always appears in the plural. Because of that, you can be left wondering how many dogs the “tyttö koirineen” has. The same counts for “Antti vaimoineen”; does Antti have one wife or multiple?

1.2. In certain fossilized phrases

Finnish English.
Hän kaatui [kimpsuineen ja kampsuineen]. He/she fell with all the stuff they were carrying.
Pakkasin autoon perheeni [tavaroineen päivineen]. I packed my car full with my family and all their things
[Niine hyvineen] Pauline kääntyi kirjoituspöytään päin. Just like that, Pauline turned to face her desk.
Tutustuimme kaupunkiin ympäristöineen. We got to know the city and its surroundings.
Tässä myydään talo irtaimistoineen. They’re selling a house here complete with furniture.
Antilla on mökki [kaikkine mukavuuksineen]. Antti has a cottage with all the modern luxuries.
Hän joutuu pärjäämään [omine nokkineen]. He has to manage by himself.

 


2. The Formation of the Comitative Case

The comitative ending is -ne, and always in the plural. A singular form doesn’t exist, but plural forms are always used, no matter if the meaning is singular or plural.

The nouns require a possessive suffix, but adjectives in the comitative don’t. The comitative is formed using the strong-grade plural stem, aka the same stem you use for the plural illative (mihin).

Finnish English.
Minä muutin Suomeen vaimoineni ja lapsineni. I moved to Finland with my wife and kid(s).
Sinä muutit Suomeen vaimoinesi ja lapsinesi. You moved to Finland with your wife and kid(s).
Hän muutti Suomeen vaimoineen ja lapsineen. He moved to Finland with his wife and kid(s).
Me muutimme Suomeen vaimoinemme ja lapsinemme. We moved to Finland with our wives and kid(s).
Te muutitte Suomeen vaimoinenne ja lapsinenne. You moved to Finland with your wives and kid(s).
He muuttivat Suomeen vaimoineen ja lapsineen. They moved to Finland with their wives and kid(s).

That concludes the article on the comitative case!

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