Talking About the Weather – Ilma Sää Keli

Whether you want to be able to understand the weather forecast (sääennuste), or will be talking about the weather yourself, the following expressions will be useful to you!

Finnish English
Ilma on kaunis. The weather is beautiful.
On kaunis ilma. The weather is beautiful.
On kaunis päivä. It’s a beautiful day.
On pilvinen päivä. It’s a cloudy day.
On kylmä ulkona. It’s cold outside.
On melko kylmä päivä. It’s a fairly cold day.
Aurinko paistaa. The sun is shining.
On oikein kuuma. It’s really hot.
On pilvistä. It’s cloudy.
On liukasta. It’s slippery.
Sataa. It rains.
Sataa vettä. It rains. (“It rains water”)
Sataa lunta. It snows. (“It rains snow”)
Sataa räntää. I rains wet snow.
Sataa rakeita. It hails.
Ei sada It doesn’t rain.
Eilen satoi. I rained yesterday.
Tuulee. It’s windy.
Tuulee oikein kovasti. It’s very windy.
On myrsky. There’s a (wind)storm.
On ulkonilma. There’s a thunderstorm.
Salamoi. There’s lightning. (“It lightens”)
On kaksi astetta pakkasta. It’s minus two degrees.
On miinus kaksi astetta. It’s minus two degrees.
Finnish English
aste degree
aurinko sun
halla frost
helle heat wave
hurrikaani hurricane
kostea humid
lumi snow
pilvi cloud
pouta dry weather
räntä wet snow
sade rain
sadekausi rain season
sadekuuro rain shower
sadetihku drizzle
salama lightning
sateenkaari rainbow
selkeä clear
sumu mist
sää, ilma, keli weather
taivas sky
tulva flood
tuuli wind
ukkonen thunder
viileä chilly

Please note:

  • When saying “On pilvistä” or “On kylmä” you won’t use a subject! Don’t add “se” in front of these phrases (eg. Se on pilvistä.)
  • In Finnish, it can rain water, it can rain snow or it can rain hail. There is no separate verb for “to snow” or “to hail”.
  • The opposite is true as well: Finnish does have some verbs that English doesn’t have. For example, there is a verb that means “to wind” (tuulla), as well as one that means “to lighten” (salamoida).

Questions for Talking about the Weather

Finnish English
Millainen ilma tänään on? What kind of weather is it today?
Onko kaunis ilma tänään? Is the weather beautiful today?
Paistaako aurinko? Does the sun shine?
Sataako? Is it raining?
Sataako lunta? Is it snowing?
Luvattiinko sadetta? Did they predict rain?
Tuuleeko? Is there wind?
Kuinka monta astetta on? How many degrees is it?
Kuinka kylmä on? How cold is it?
Onko pakkasta? Is it freezing?

The Usage of Weather Adjectives

Nominative English Partitive English
On pilvinen päivä. It’s a cloudy day. On pilvistä. It’s cloudy.
On sateinen päivä. It’s a rainy day. On sateista. It’s rainy.
On tuulinen päivä. It’s a windy day. On tuulista. It’s windy.
On aurinkoinen päivä. It’s a sunny day. On aurinkoista. It’s sunny.
On sumuinen päivä. It’s a misty day. On sumuista. It’s misty.

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