Finnish for busy people

Fourth Infinitive Verb Rections

The term rections is used to express that certain words will require the words that form a chain with them to appear in the sentences in a specific form. In this article, we look at fourth infinitive verb rections.

All the verbs on this page will require verbs to be turned into nouns before they can be used in the verb chain. You do this by using the ending -minen, which is the marker of the fourth infinitive. Verbs ending in -minen can be called nounalized verbs.

These nounalized verbs will be added to the chain in a certain case. For example, rakastaa will require the partitive case (Rakastan ratsastamista = I love horse riding) and pitää will require the mistä-form aka the elative (Pidän ratsastamisesta = I like horse riding).

Genitive
Verb Example Translation
aloittaa Aloitan laihduttamisen huomenna. I start dieting tomorrow
lopettaa Lopetin vihdoin tupakoimisen. I finally quit smoking.
Partitive
Verb Example Translation
rakastaa Katri rakastaa laulamista. Katri loves singing.
harrastaa Venla harrastaa juoksemista. Venla enjoys running.
inhota Inhoan juoruilemista. I hate gossiping.
jatkaa Ari jatkoi valittamista. Ari continued to complain.
vihata Vihaatko lentämis? Do you hate flying?
pelätä He pelkäävät ratsastamista. They fear horse riding.
vastustaa Vastustan ydinvoimalan rakentamista. I resist the building of a nuclear plant.
Mistä
Verb Example Translation
pitää Pidättekö kokkaamisesta? Do you like cooking?
tykätä En tykkää tiskaamisesta. I don’t like doing the dishes.
nauttia Nautin saunomisesta. I enjoy taking a sauna.
haaveilla Liisa haaveilee kesämökin ostamisesta. Liisa dreams of buying a summer cottage.
huolehtia Anna huolehti pyykkien pesemisestä. Anna takes care of the laundry washing.
Mihin
Verb Example Translation
kyllästyä Jari on kyllästynyt lukemiseen. Jari is bored of reading.
väsyä Väsyn nopeasti opettajan kuuntelemiseen. I get tired of listening to the teaching quickly.
keskittyä Keskityn opiskelemiseen. I focus on studying

There are also verbs that require the third infinitive (rections) or the first infinitive (rections) in their verb chain. Check those out next!

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