Finnish for busy people

Uudestaan Uudelleen Taas – How to say “again” in Finnish

This article deals with the different ways to say “again” in Finnish. I often hear learners of Finnish ask what the difference is between the words uudestaan, uudelleen and taas. So let’s take a look at these words!

Table of contents

1. Uudelleen and uudestaan – Redoing something

If we look at the words uudelleen and uudestaan from a grammatical viewpoint, both words are based on the adjective uusi. The difference lies in the case ending: uudelleen has the allative marker -lle, while uudestaan has the elative marker -sta. This difference can be discerned in the semantics of these words.

Uudestaan means “again, in the same (or a similar) fashion, a second time”. Uudelleen means “again, in a different (often improved) way”. In some cases, the difference is considered so minor that both words are used in the same context.

Finnish English
Voisitko sanoa sen uudestaan? Could you say it again (a second time)?
Pyydä uudestaan, jos et saa vastausta. Ask me for it again (a second time), if you don’t get a reply.
Minun piti aloittaa uudestaan aivan alusta. I had to restart all the way from the beginning (in the same way).
En kadu sitä. Tekisin sen uudestaan. I don’t regret it. I would do it again (the same way a second time).
Tee se vielä kerran uudestaan! Do it once more (repeating what you did last time)!
Kirjoita teksti uudelleen! Rewrite the text again (and improve it)!
Meidän täytyy arvioida riskit uudelleen. We have to reassess the risks again (in a better way).
Päätöstä tarkastellaan uudelleen ensi vuonna. The decision will be reviewed next year (perhaps with a different result).
Tätä tuotetta ei saa pakastaa uudelleen. The product can’t be refrozen (it was already frozen in the store).

Stores will often have a banner at their exit saying “Tervetuloa uudelleen“. The choice of uudelleen here makes sense: it expresses that you don’t have to redo your previous shopping trip; you’re just welcome to have another, similar shopping trip.

In theory we can use both uudelleen and uudestaan in the same sentence: “Yritys voi saada samaa tukea uudelleen [The business can get the same financial support a second time], jos se joutuu aloittamaan työn uudestaan[if it’s forces to restart the work again from the beginning]. Here, uudelleen is used to express a second payment, while uudestaan is used to express that they have to redo everything the same way.

2. Taas – Repetition of an event

The word taas means “again” in the sense that something repeats yet another time. Taas isn’t used to express redoing anything. Rather, it expresses repetition of an event.

Finnish English
Ari on taas juovuksissa. Ari is drunk again.
Mari on taas myöhässä. Mari is late again.
Sari teki sen taas. Sari did it again.
Museo on taas kiinni. The museum is closed again.
Pitääkö minun käydä tämä taas läpi? Do I need to go through this again?
Lukitsitko itsesi taas ulos? Did you lock yourself outside again?
Tule taas käymään! Come visit (us) again!
Mukava nähdä taas. Nice to see you again.
Se tekisi minusta taas onnellisen. It would make me happy again.

The word taas also has another function, which we won’t get into here. It’s used to express a contrast between two statements.

3. English verbs starting with re-

For sentences with the adverb uudelleen, English often has a verb that starts with re- (e.g. redo, rewrite, reassess, review) that can be used instead of the word “again”. For example, “to write again” is “to rewrite”. However, this is just a tendency, so don’t rely on it without also considering whether the repetition of the action happens in the same fashion or in a different way

3.1. Cases where re- is expressed using uudelleen or uudestaan

In English, the prefix re- is used regularly to express repetition (e.g. “to use” becomes “to reuse”). Sometimes these actions get expressed using uudelleen or uudestaan in Finnish.

English Finnish
to recommence, resume aloittaa uudelleen
to restart aloittaa uudestaan
to restart (e.g. computer) käynnistää uudelleen
to rethink, reassess, reevaluate arvioida uudelleen
to reuse käyttää uudelleen
to reprocess, review (a decision) käsitellä uudelleen
to reheat, heat again kuumentaa uudelleen
to reheat, warm up again lämmittää uudelleen
to rephrase a question muotoilla kysymys uudestaan
to rethink something miettiä asiaa uudestaan
to try again yrittää uudestaan
to reread a book lukea kirja uudestaan
to reassess the risks arvioida riskit uudelleen
to re-examine tutkia uudelleen
to review tarkastella uudelleen
to repackage pakata uudelleen
to renumber numeroida uudelleen
to reconsider harkita uudelleen
to renegotiate neuvotella uudelleen
to re-release julkaista uudelleen
to repaint maalata uudelleen
to replant istuttaa uudelleen
to replenish täyttää uudelleen
to resend lähettää uudelleen

3.2. Cases where re- is expressed using a different verb

In addition, there are many English verbs starting in re- which are expressed in Finnish with a separate verb rather than by adding the word uudelleen.

An example of this which you will need during your studies is how to ask “Could you say that again?” in Finnish. We could use the following phrase for this: “Voisitko sanoa sen uudelleen/uudestaan/vielä kerran?“. However, it’s much more common to request “Voisitko toistaa?” (Could you repeat?).

The phrase “sanoa uudestaan” could also be replaced with more advanced verbs such as toistella (to say repeatedly). You could learn the verbs hokea, jauhaa and tolkuttaa to mean “to say again and again”.

Finnish English
to repay maksaa takaisin
to replace korvata uudella, vaihtaa uuteen
to replicate kopioida, toistaa
to reproduce toisintaa
to reschedule siirtää, lykätä, ajoittaa uudelleen
to reset nollata, resetoida
to resize muuttaa kokoa
to restock täydentää varastoja
to restore palauttaa, restauroida, entistää
to retake (a class) uusia
to retrace jäljittää
to return (a book) palauttaa
to return (to a place) palata takaisin
to reuse kierrättää, käyttää uudelleen
to revitalise elvyttää, elävöittää
to repeat toistaa
to recur toistua
to rehearse kerrata, harjoitella

(Note that there are also many English verbs that don’t carry this meaning of a repetition, such as restrict, reply, retain, retire, reveal and reward.)

4. Once more – Once again – Yet again

There are also other words and phrases that are used to express repetition.

Finnish English
jälleen once again
jälleen kerran once again, once more
taas kerran once again, yet again
toisen kerran a second time
vielä kerran once more, one more time
toistamiseen yet again

5. Again and again

Consider these English phrases: “again and again”, “over and over”, “over and over again”, “time and again” and “time and time again”. Finnish has similar phrases to express that something repeats many times.

Finnish English
uudelleen ja uudelleen again and again
yhä uudelleen over and over again
kerta toisensa jälkeen time after time
toistuvasti repeatedly

6. Some example sentences

Finnish English
Haava aukesi uudelleen. The wound reopened
Tervetuloa uudelleen! Welcome again!
Sinun täytyy aloittaa uudestaan aivan alusta. You have to start over from scratch.
Joku päivä löydät rakkauden uudestaan. One day, you will find love again.
Mietipä asiaa uudestaan. Please reconsider.
Lapsi laski liukumäkeä yhä uudelleen. The child went down the slide again and again.
Katson lempisarjani yhä uudelleen. I watch my favorite series over and over again.
Palasin takaisin yhä uudelleen ja uudelleen. I came back again and again.
Potilas palaa päivystykseen yhä uudestaan. The patient returns to the ER again and again.
Ari on taas juovuksissa. Ari was drunk again.
Ari oli taas muuttanut mielensä. Ari had changed his mind again.
Tule taas käymään! Come visit again!
Koira on taas karannut. The dog has run away again.
Taas kerran olin pakannut mukaani liikaa. Once more I had packed too much.
Suuret kiitokset taas kerran Arille!
Many thanks once again to Ari!
Olisin iloinen, jos voisimme jutella toistamiseen. I would be happy if we could chat again.
Ari on rikkonut lakia toistuvasti. Ari has broken the law repeatedly.
Ari ajoi toistuvasti ilman ajokorttia. Ari drove repeatedly without a driver’s license.
Voit jälleen kirjautua verkkopalveluun. You can sign in to online services again. (it was down for a while)
Jäähalli on jälleen avoinna. The ice rink is open again. (it was closed for a while)

That’s all for this article! Hopefully it helped you make more sense of the ways to say “again” in Finnish!

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Oscar

Moi

At point 1 you have written…The difference lies in the case ending: uudelleen has the allative marker -lle, while uudestaan has the adessive marker -sta. ( -sta is elative, isn’t?)

kiitos

Last edited 8 months ago by Oscar
Inge (admin)

Absolutely, nice catch!