Finnish for busy people

Earth, Water and Sky – Finnish Nature Vocabulary

Where would we be without nature (luonto)? Finns often refer to themselves as a “metsäkansa” aka a “forest nation”. The Finnish habit of going back to nature in summer to the kesämökki (summer cottage) is well-known internationally. Nature is a really wide topic that I touch on in many of these vocabulary lists. In this one are some words related to earth, water and sky.

Finnish English
Maasto Terrain
aarniometsä old-growth forest
aavikko desert
dyyni dune
erämaa wilderness
harju ridge
luoto rocky island
keidas oasis
korpi woodland
laakso valley
lakeus plain
mäki hill
neva marsh
niemi cape
ranta beach
rannikko shore
rotko ravine
saari island
saaristo archipelago
savanni savannah
suo swamp
tulivuori volcano
tunturi mountain
vaara stoney hill
viidakko jungle
vuori mountain
vuoristo mountain range
Finnish English
Vesistöt Water ways
joki river
järvi lake
kannas isthmus
kari reef
koski rapids
laguuni lagoon
lahti bay, cove
lampi pond
lätäkkö puddle
meri sea
puro stream, brook
salmi strait
sivujoki tributary
vesiputous waterfall
vesisade rain
vuono fjord
vuorovesi tide
Taivas Sky
aurinko sun
auringonlasku sun set
auringonnousu sun rise
auringonpimennys solar eclipse
kuu moon
pilvi cloud
revontulet northern light
sateenkaari rainbow
tähti star
tähdenlento falling star

After learning this earth, water and sky vocabulary, you can move on to other nature themed vocabulary on our vocabulary page!

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