In this Finnish adverb types overview, you can find Finnish adverbs organized based on their meaning. There are quite a few of them! Within each category you have easier and harder adverbs, so you’ll have to take your pick while reading through to choose the ones you want to learn first.
Adverbs grouped based on their meaning
Adverbs of Manner
This is probably the largest group of adverbs there are. These adverbs express HOW something happens: quickly, easily, angrily, etc. Very often they end in -sti.
Adverbs of Time
This group contains simple words tänään (today) and huomenna (tomorrow), as well as words like pian (soon), myöhemmin (later) and myöhässä (too late).
Adverbs of Location
Sisällä (inside), ulkona (outside), kaukana (far away) and vasemmalla (on the left) are also adverbs. These go hand in hand with the postpositions, but can appear on their own!
Adverbs of Intensity
How many words do you know in Finnish? Aika paljon (fairly many), tosi paljon (very many) or uskomattoman paljon (unbelievably many)? Or are you still at ihan vähän (only a little)?
Adverbs of Probability
This adverb group consists of adverbs that express certainty (totta kai), likelihood (todennäköisesti), uncertainty (kai, ehkä) and unlikelihood (tuskin).
Adverbs grouped based on their ending
Adverbs Ending in -ttAin
The adverbs in this group express a multitude of different things, from time (päivittäin) and orientation (pitkittäin) to containers (pulloittain).
Adverbs ending in -kkAin
These adverbs express the relative location of two things to one another: Istumme kasvokkain “face to face” or vierekkäin “side by side”.
Adverbs Ending in -isin
This adverb group contains adverbs such as aamuisin (in the mornings), arkisin (on weekdays), väkisin (forcibly), takaisin (back) and nykyisin (these days).
Adverbs ending in -UksissA
This adverb groups consists of adverbs that end in -UksissA, such as nukkuksissa (asleep), turvoksissa (swollen) and palelluksissa (freezing).
Adverbs Ending in -llA + poss.suff.
Olen pahoillani (I’m sorry), Tein sen tahallani (I did it on purpose) and Ovi on raollaan (The door was ajar) all appear in the adessive case with a possessive suffix.
More groups will be added to this adverb types overview soon!