Finnish for busy people

Vegetables – Vihannekset tai Kasvikset

There are two words for “vegetables” in Finnish: vihannes (vihannekset) and kasvis (kasvikset). Both are commonly used. Learn some food vocabulary to help you in the kitchen!

Finnish English
bataatti sweet potato
brysselinkaali brussels sprouts
endiivi endive
fenkoli fennel
herne pea
jäävuorisalaatti iceberg lettuce
kaali cabbage
keräkaali headed cabbage
kesäkurpitsa zucchini
kiinankaali Chinese cabbage
kikherne chickpea
kirsikkatomaatti cherry tomato
kukkakaali cauliflower
kurkku cucumber
kurpitsa pumpkin
lanttu rutabaga
lehtisalaatti lettuce
maa-artisokka Jerusalem artichoke
maissi corn
munakoiso eggplant
Finnish English
nauris turnip
okra ocher
palsternakka parsnip
paprika bell pepper
papu bean
parsa asparagus
parsakaali broccoli
peruna potato
pinaatti spinach
porkkana carrot
punajuuri beetroot
punakaali red cabbage
purjo leek
raparperi rhubarb
retiisi radish
ruusukaali brussels sprouts
selleri celery
sikuri chicory
tomaatti tomato
valkosipuli garlic

Sayings with vegetables

  • “Tarvitaan keppi ja porkkana -lähestymistapaa.”
    Literally: A stick and carrot approach is needed.
    Meaning: We need both encouragements and punishments.
  • “Ongelma on palannut, ja se on eräänlainen kuuma peruna.”
    Literally: The problem is back and it’s a kind of hot potato.
    Meaning: It’s a controversial, sensitive topic.
  • “On se onni, että jollakin lanttu leikkaa.”
    Literally: Luckily somebody’s rutabaga cuts.
    Meaning: Luckily someone gets it.
  • “Hänen käytöksensä otti kaaliin alusta lähtien.”
    Literally: His behavior took to the cabbage from the beginning.
    Meaning: His behavior annoyed, vexed from the beginning.
  • “Turhaa vetää herneitä nenään asiasta.”
    Literally: Pointless to pull peas into the nose about it.
    Meaning: Pointless to get all worked up about it.
  • “Se on sillä sipuli.”
    Literally: It’s onion by that.
    Meaning: That’s solved then, that’s clear then.
  • “Maksetaan potut pottuina.”
    Literally: Potatoes are paid for with potatoes.
    Meaning: Pay back in the same way.

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