Gramática del Finés

This page about Finnish grammar is roughly divided into three parts: on the right you have topics related to verbs, in the middle you can find topics related to nouns, while on the right we focus on phrases and sentence constructions.

Please note that these topics are not listed based on what Finnish grammar topic you should learn first. The idea of this page is that it works as a reference material: whenever you have questions about a subject, you can look up more information on this page. Within one article, there can be information fit for beginners as well as more complicated information for advanced learners.

Verbs / Tenses

  • El Presente
    •  Tipos de verbo
  • The Past Tenses
    • El tiempo imperfecto
    • El imperfecto negativo
    • El tiempo perfecto
    • El pluscuamperfecto
  • El Tiempo Futuro
    • Ways to Express Intent
  • The Conditional Mood
    • El condicional
    • El condicional perfecto
    • El condicional pasivo
  • The Imperative Mood
    • El imperativo
    • Other Imperative Uses
  • The Potential Mood
    • El potencial
  • The Passive
    • El presente pasivo
    • El imperfecto pasivo
    • Visión general de tiempos pasivos
  • The Infinitives
    • The 5 Finnish Infinitives
    • The Second Infinitive
    • The Third Infinitive
    • The Fourth Infinitive
  • Consonant Gradation
    • Verbtype 1 Consonant Gradation
    • Verbtype 3 Consonant Gradation
    • Verbtype 4 Consonant Gradation
    • Verbtype 6 Consonant Gradation

Nouns / Cases

  • The Partitive Case
    • The Partitive Singular
    • The Partitive Plural
  • The Genetive Case
    • The Genetive Singular
    • The Genetive Plural
    • Possessive Suffixes
  • The Location Cases
    • The Inessive (-ssa)
    • The Elative (-sta)
    • El Ilativo (mihin)
    • The Adessive (-lla)
    • The Ablative (-lta)
    • The Allative (-lle)
    • The Plural Location Cases
    • The Plural Illative
    • Missä sinä asut?
  • The Accusative Case
  • The Translative (-ksi)
  • The Essive (-na)
  • The Abessive (-tta)
  • The Comitative (-ine)
  • The Instructive (-in)
  • Special Inflection Cases
    • The Inflection of Numbers
    • The Inflection of Ordinal Numbers
  • The Comparative and Superlative
    • Comparing Adjectives
    • Inflecting Adjective Comparisons
    • Comparing Adverbs
    • Inflecting Adverb Comparisons
  • Consonant Gradation
    • Wordtype A Consonant Gradation
    • Wordtype B Consonant Gradation

Constructions

  • Possession (having something)
  • Necessity Sentences (täytyy)
  • The Object
  • The Complement (predikatiivi)
  • Post- and Prepositions
    • Postpositions
    • The Inflection of Postpositions
    • Prepositions
  • Pronouns
    • Types of Pronouns
    • Demonstrative Pronouns
    • Interrogative Pronouns
    • The Relative Pronoun “Joka”
  • The Participles
    • Active Present Participle (-VA)
    • Passive Present Participle (-TAVA)
    • Active Past Participle (-NUT)
    • Passive Past Participle (-TU)
    • Agent Participle
  • Lauseenvastikkeet
    • Finaalirakenne
    • Modaalirakenne
    • Temporaalirakenne
  • Verb + Noun Rections
    • Partitive Verbs
    • Location Case Verb Rections
    • Translative Verb Rections
    • Adjective Rections
    • Perceptional Verbs
  • Verb + Verb Rections
    • Infinitive Verb Rections
    • Third Infinitive Verb Rections
    • Fourth Infinitive Verb Rections